By Robert F. Boszhardt
To be had December 2003 the commonest relics of the 12,000-year occupancy of the higher Mississippi River Valley could be the chipped stone projectile issues that local american citizens mounted to the ends in their spears, darts, and arrow shafts. this beneficial consultant presents a key to deciding on some of the kinds of issues chanced on alongside the higher Mississippi River within the Driftless quarter stretching approximately from Dubuque, Iowa, to purple Wing, Minnesota, yet framed inside of a a little better quarter extending from the Rock Island Rapids on the glossy Moline-Rock Island sector to the Falls of St. Anthony at Minneapolis-St. Paul. Logging tens of hundreds of thousands of miles and traveling deepest creditors from all walks of lifestyles considering that 1982, Robert Boszhardt has documented hundreds of thousands of projectile issues present in this sector. as well as drawings of every sort, he presents different permitted names in addition to names of comparable issues, age, distribution, an outline (including size and width), fabric, and references for every sort. The consultant is intended for the numerous avocational archaeologists who gather projectile issues within the higher Midwest and should be an invaluable reference instrument for pro box archaeologists to boot. Emphasizing the protection of websites in addition to a mutual alternate of data among expert and avocational archaeologists, this advisor will show projectile issues as clues to the previous, time markers which include an important information regarding the cultures of the Mississippi River Valley's early population.
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Extra resources for A Projectile Point Guide for the Upper Mississippi River Valley (Bur Oak Guide)
The distinctive characteristic is parallel diagonal, or transverse oblique, ﬂaking across the blade surface that creates a “ripple” eﬀect. These narrow ﬂake scars appear to have been set up so that the manufacturer popped a continuous series of uniform ﬂakes at an oblique angle from the tip that often run across the entire width of the blade. Bases are slightly concave to ﬂat and basal grinding is common. 5 in. 5–2 in. r e c t o r u n n i n g f o o t | 27 The six specimens in the Browns Valley type set (four points found with two asymmetrical knives) were all made of Knife River ﬂint from western North Dakota.
Eastern Fluted (Gainey) 1 cm 3 Fluted points in the region between the Mississippi River and the Atlantic coast are more varied than the Clovis-Folsom sequence on the Plains. A variety of names have been given to these points, including Barnes, Cumberland, Crowﬁeld, Debert, Enterline –Bull Brook, Gainey, and others. Cumberland points tend to cluster in the Southeast, and Debert points are named after the type site in Nova Scotia. A Gainey/Barnes (Parkhill)/Crowﬁeld sequence has been inferred on the basis of site assemblages in the Great Lakes region, although dating is based largely on association with abandoned Great Lakes shorelines.
References: Boszhardt et al. 1999; Ellis and Deller 1982; Fitting 1963, 1970; Florin 1996; Freeman 1966; Halsey 1974b, 1976; Mason 1997; Overstreet 1993; Sodey 1954; Stoltman 1991. 34 | l a t e pa l e o l a n c e o l a t e p o i n t s Early Archaic Stemmed and Corner-Notched Points Hardin Barbed 1 cm 3 This medium-large spear-knife tip was ﬁrst recognized as a distinct form in the central Mississippi Valley. The type site is the Godar site, near the town of Hardin in Calhoun County, Illinois. The Hardin Barbed type may have derived from the Scottsbluﬀ type and is related to Thebes and St.