Adolescent Risk and Vulnerability by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Institute of Medicine, Youth, and Families Board on Children, Joah G. Iannotta, Elena O. Nightingale, Baruch Fischhoff

Adolescents evidently don't regularly act in ways in which serve their very own top pursuits, whilst outlined via them. occasionally their conception in their personal dangers, even of survival to maturity, is greater than the truth; in different circumstances, they underestimate the hazards of specific activities or behaviors. it truly is attainable, certainly most likely, that a few young people interact in dicy behaviors as a result of a notion of invulnerability-the present traditional knowledge of adults' perspectives of adolescent habit. Others, even though, take dangers simply because they suppose liable to some degree drawing close hopelessness. In both case, those perceptions can urged young people to make terrible judgements which could positioned them in danger and depart them susceptible to actual or mental damage which can have a adverse influence on their long term well-being and viability.

A small making plans staff used to be shaped to strengthen a workshop on reconceptualizing adolescent hazard and vulnerability. With investment from Carnegie company of recent York, the Workshop on Adolescent hazard and Vulnerability: environment Priorities happened on March thirteen, 2001, in Washington, DC. The workshop's target used to be to place into viewpoint the entire burden of vulnerability that youth face, making the most of the growing to be societal quandary for youngsters, the necessity to set priorities for assembly youth' wishes, and the chance to use decision-making views to this severe region. This document summarizes the workshop.

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Sample text

Lewis (1981) asked 108 adolescents in grades 7, 8, 10, and 12 about the advice they would give to peers facing cosmetic surgery and to peers considering participation in a clinical trial of a new acne medicine. Sixty percent of the adolescents mentioned possible risks associated with the situations, and 26 percent mentioned potential future consequences. Halpern-Felsher and Cauffman (2001) used the same scenarios in their study of 190 adolescents (grades 6, 8, 10, and 12). They found that 12 to 32 percent of teens mentioned risks and 10 to 13 percent mentioned future consequences in the cosmetic surgery scenario.

A broad range of consequences were mentioned, including physical effects, psychological effects, and social reactions from family, other authority figures, and peers. A few studies have examined the extent to which adolescents spontaneously mention or consider risks, which may give a more realistic picture of adolescents’ ability to recognize risk in real-life situations. Lewis (1981) asked 108 adolescents in grades 7, 8, 10, and 12 about the advice they would give to peers facing cosmetic surgery and to peers considering participation in a clinical trial of a new acne medicine.

For any given individual, we can also examine his or her relative ranking of the importance of various “risks” to assess his or her risk perceptions. Each of the many ways of assessing individuals’ perceptions has something to tell us about their sense of risk and vulnerability. But they also appear to measure different aspects of this construct we call vulnerability. The literature reflects this conceptual diversity, making it difficult to compare across studies. In our review, we will consider them separately.

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