After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John by Jerry Green

By Jerry Green

The Wounded Knee bloodbath of December 29, 1890, identified to U.S. army historians because the final conflict in "the Indian Wars," was once in fact one other tragic occasion in a bigger trend of conquest, destruction, killing, and damaged supplies that proceed to this day.
     On a chilly winter's morning greater than a century in the past, the U.S. 7th Cavalry attacked and killed greater than 260 Lakota males, ladies, and kids at Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. within the aftermath, the damaged, twisted our bodies of the Lakota humans have been quickly coated by means of a blanket of snow, as a snow fall swept during the nation-state. a number of days later, veteran military physician John Vance Lauderdale arrived for responsibility on the within reach Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. stunned by means of what he encountered, he wrote quite a few letters to his closest kin detailing the occasions, aftermath, and way of life at the Reservation below army profession. He additionally handled the wounded, either Cavalry squaddies and Lakota civilians. What distinguishes After Wounded Knee from the massive physique of literature already to be had at the bloodbath is Lauderdale's frank value determinations of army existence and a private statement of the tragedy, untainted by means of self-serving memory or adorned newspaper and political reviews. His experience of frustration and outrage towards the army command, specially about the strategies used opposed to the Lakota, is vividly obvious during this intimate view of Lauderdale's lifestyles. His correspondence offers new perception right into a prevalent topic and was once written on the peak of the cultural fight among the U.S. and Lakota humans. Jerry Green's cautious enhancing of this massive assortment, a part of the loo Vance Lauderdale Papers within the Western Americana assortment in Yale University's Beinecke Library, clarifies Lauderdale's stories on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation.

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Additional resources for After Wounded Knee: Correspondence of Major and Surgeon John Vance Lauderdale while Serving with the Army Occupying the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, 1890-1891

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Regardless of the circumstances, most Lakotas believed that he was assassinated, and his death had a profound effect on all the Lakota people. His demise was due to his long-standing opposition to any further secession of lands or cooperation with the whites in any way. Chapter One: Background 29 After the death of Sitting Bull, many of his followers fled, in fear for their lives. On 17 December, about thirty-eight of them found their way to Big Foot's camp on Cherry Creek. Big Foot opened his camp to the refugees, where he and his followers fed and clothed them as best they could, sharing what little they had and making the refugees feel welcome.

Whitside. Had Big Foot's intentions been hostile, he most likely would have fought there, as he held the high ground and his women and children were well behind the lines. 8l Without further incident, the Lakota and their captors moved to Wounded Knee Creek to camp for the night. During the night, Whits ide was reinforced by the remainder of the Seventh Cavalry led by Colonel James Forsyth, who assumed command of the entire force. The army units included the Seventh Cavalry and Light Battery E of the First Artillery.

Father Craft was near center of ring when stabbed. Indians broke to the west through Band K Troops. 21. 19. 20. 18. 17. CJ ;:l-' W IJt ~ ;;:l ;: i ~ I;l tJ:I ~ ;;:l 0 '".... -§ 36 After Wounded Knee Wounded Lakota prisoners inside the Episcopal Chnrch at Pine Ridge. Photograph courtesy of the Sonth Dakota State Historical Society. 94 Dr. Ewing stated, "I have reason to believe that some of our men were killed by the fire of others of our troops. 1 base it from the position of the troops . Most injury was inflicted upon Captain Wallace's Troop K ...

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