Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano by Beattie, B.R.

By Beattie, B.R.

This quantity examines a principally ignored Avignonese legation to Tuscany and the Papal States, and assesses its impression on Avignonese papal coverage in Italy.

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Extra resources for Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (Medieval Mediterranean)

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79–133. 14 Bowsky, Henry VII, p. 231, n. 52. 12 8 chapter one Guercino died at Lucca in December (a bad month for cardinals en route to Italy, it would seem), but Niccolò Albertini of Prato negotiated the emperor’s Genoese signoria in the fall of 1311, and Luca Fieschi journeyed to Naples on Henry’s behalf in May 1312 in an ultimately fruitless attempt to effect a marital alliance between the houses of Naples and Luxembourg. The underachieving legate, by contrast, proved of such little use to the emperor that Henry petitioned Clement for his recall in July 1313.

Devout and cerebral, Robert was always more at home in the chapel or the library than on the battlefield. His devotion to justice earned him the admiration of his subjects; his liberal patronage of scholars won him the praises of Petrarch 45 For a more thorough discussion of the differences between “Italic” and “Gallic” approaches to ecclesiastical administration in Italy, see below, pp. 190–192. 46 See above, pp. 13–16. 47 For all his considerable gifts and wide-ranging interests, Robert was always something of a disappointment to John XXII.

Robert was an altogether more principled man than his father and grandfather, though he too did not hesitate to set scruples aside when they stood in the way of his practical objectives. He had his own ambitions in Italy and was perfectly willing to use his alliance with the Church to his own greatest advantage. Broadly speaking, pope and king had similar goals: the defeat of the Ghibellines and revival of the Guelfs in northern and central Italy; the establishment of a strong Angevin presence in Rome and the Papal States; the creation of an Angevin hegemony in the 47 Paradiso, VIII, 147.

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