By William B. Griffen
Apaches at warfare and Peace is the tale of the Chiricahua Apaches at the northern frontier of latest Spain from 1750 to 1858, specifically these in the area of the Janos presidio in northwestern Chihuahua. utilizing formerly untapped documents in Spain, Mexico, and the USA, William Griffen relates how Apache raids and different hostilities have been the norm till Bernardo do Galvez, viceroy of recent Spain, inspired the Apaches to settle close to presidios. by means of 1790 a few Apaches have been in place of abode at Janos, and intermittent classes of peace and clash ensued till Mexican independence introduced extra radical adjustments in Indian coverage (such because the kingdom of Sonora’s supply of bounties for Indian scalps). Griffen explores problems with altering Indian coverage, Indian-Mexican relatives, and the access of the U.S. onto the scene after its invasion of Mexico.
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Additional info for Apaches at war and peace: the Janos Presidio, 1750-1858
I have kept this account within the limits of the Janos sphere of influence except when it is necessary to relate it to Apaches in neighboring areas using presently available data. Most frequently Apache relations extended southward, beyond the strict geographic bounds of the Janos district into the jurisdiction of the Presidio de San Buenaventura (today, Galeana). San Buenaventura, some ninety miles to the southeast, was not only a sister presidio to Janos, and sometimes under the same immediate administration, but its Apache population was closely bound to the Apaches at Janos by both kinship and friendship.
Some of this is in the present work but much more can be gleaned. It is clear that much remains to be done on the history of Apaches. Any conclusions derived from this book must remain hypotheses until the many lines of research are explored. Lastly, I would emphasize again, as noted in this volume, that I hope more Apaches themselves become active in researching their important and colorful history. Notes 1. Edwin R. Sweeney, Cochise: Chiricahua Apache Chief (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991).
Notes 1. Edwin R. Sweeney, Cochise: Chiricahua Apache Chief (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1991). 2. University of Oklahoma Press, due out in late 1998. 3. William B. Griffen, Utmost Good Faith: Patterns of Apache-Mexican Hostilities in Northern Chihuahua Border Warfare, 1821-1848 (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1988). 4. William B. Griffen, "The Chiricahua Apache Population Resident at the Janos Presidio, 1792 to 1858,"Journal of the Southwest 33, no. 2 (summer 1991): 151-99.