By Alan Charles Kors
Although such a lot historians have sought the roots of atheism within the background of "free thought," Alan Charles Kors contends that assaults at the lifestyles of God have been generated mainly via the power and controversies of orthodox theistic tradition itself. during this first quantity of a deliberate two-volume inquiry into the resources and nature of atheism, he exhibits that orthodox lecturers and apologists in seventeenth-century France have been obliged by means of the common sense in their philosophical and pedagogical platforms to create many types of speculative atheism for heuristic reasons. strange in its extensive sampling of the spiritual literature of the early-modern discovered global, this booklet unearths that the "great fratricide" between bitterly competing faculties of Aristotelian, Cartesian, and Malebranchist Christian suggestion inspired theologians to refute every one other's proofs of God and to depict the guidelines in their theological rivals as atheistic. Such "fratricide" was once no longer new within the background of Christendom, yet Kors demonstrates that its impression was once dramatically amplified via the increasing literacy of the 17th century. taking pictures the eye of the examining public, theological debate supplied highbrow grounds for the disbelief of the 1st iteration of atheistic thinkers.
Originally released in 1990.
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Extra resources for Atheism in France, 1650-1729: Volume I: The Orthodox Sources of Disbelief
23 Bernard Lamy, Oratory, Entretiens sur Ies sciences. [first published in Grenoble and Lyon, 1684], Critical ed. , rev. and aug. (Lyon, 1706)] (Paris, 1966), 69. ], in Marcelo Ficino, De la religion chrestienne .. , trans. G. Le Fevre de La Boderie (Paris, 1578). 25 Innocent Gentillet, Discours sur Ies moyens de bien gouverner .. , 1576), 172-75. 26 Pierre Viret, Deux dialogues: L'alcumie du purgatoire; L'homme naturel [first pub lished, respectively, in 1544 and 1561], ed. Jacques Courvoisier, (Lausanne, 1971), 32.
24 Catholic, Calvinist, and heterodox freethinkers could agree on such a portrait. "26 Geoffroy Vallee, an antireligious advocate of reason as an "antidote" to fear and 22 Claude Fleury, Catichisme historique. Contenant en abrigi I'histoire sainte et la doc trine chrftienne, 2 vols. (Paris, 1683), π, 248. 23 Bernard Lamy, Oratory, Entretiens sur Ies sciences. [first published in Grenoble and Lyon, 1684], Critical ed. , rev. and aug. (Lyon, 1706)] (Paris, 1966), 69. ], in Marcelo Ficino, De la religion chrestienne ..
67 Guy Patin, L'esprit de Guy Patin, tiri de ses conversations, de son cabinet, de ses lettres, & de ses autres ouvrages, [ed. Laurent Bordelon or perhaps Antoine Lancelot] (Amsterdam, 1709), 171. " The "fool" of Scripture knew in his "mind" that he was wrong, but he spoke "in his heart. .