By Alan Corney

This publication discusses many advances in optical physic, and is aimed toward complicated undergraduates taking classes in atomic physics, or graduate scholars within the fields of lasers, astrophysics, and actual chemistry. The publication is meant mostly for experimentalists, and the interplay of electromagnetic radiation with loose atoms is brought utilizing classical or semi-classical calculations anywhere attainable. themes mentioned contain the spontaneous emission of radiation, encouraged transitions and the homes of fuel and turnable dye lasers, and the physics and purposes of resonance fluorescence, optical double resonance, optical pumping, and atomic beam magnetic resonance experiments.

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Phys. 51, 1. nd further reading ter Haar, D. (1967). Press, Oxford. The old quantum theory, Pergamon Contains translations and commentaries on several of the important articles listed above. C. (1960). Quantum theory of atomic structure, Vol. 1. McGraw-Hill, New York. 47 are particularly useful. T. (1954). A history of theories of aether and electricity, (The modern theories, 1900-2926). Philosophical Library, New York. 2 Review of classical electrodynamics This chapter gives a concise account of those sections of classical electromagnetism which we shall require later.

3) over all frequencies, show that the total energy density of black-body radiation is proportional to T4 and that the constant of proportionality is given by 14 INTRODUCTION This is the Stefan-Boltzroann law. 3. A classical model of a one-electron atom consists of a positive charge of amount +e uniformly distributed throughout the volume of a sphere, radius R, together with a point electron of charge -e which is free to move within the sphere. 4. o In air, Angstrom determined the wavelengths of the spectral lines of the visible series of atomic hydrogen as Show that these lines are accurately described by the Balmer formula and from them calculate a value for the Rydberg constant, RR.

REVIEW OF CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS 27 We can distinguish two cases of elliptical polarization depending on the sense in which the tip of the electric vector traces out the ellipse. The convention is that if an observer, facing into the approaching wave, sees the ellipse described in a clockwise sense, the polarization is said to be right-handed. 35) at two time instants separated by a quarter of a period, we see that the ellipse is described in a clockwise sense if sin 6 < 0. If sin 6 > 0 the ellipse is traced out anticlockwise and the polarization is said to be left-handed.