Basil: The Genus Ocimum (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants A by Raimo Hiltunen, Yvonne Holm

By Raimo Hiltunen, Yvonne Holm

Ocimum is a vital medicinal plant with makes use of in meals, body spray and therapeutics. This entire booklet covers all facets of the botany, phytochemistry, foodstuff makes use of, medicinal makes use of, pharmacology, cultivation and caliber insurance, in addition to the commercial concerns relating to this medicinal plant Ocimum and related genera. even with quite a few experiences on pharmacological actions the most use of Ocimum crops is as fragrant crops and whilst utilized in foodstuffs it may well have a few antioxidative influence. will probably be of curiosity to every person fascinated about medicinal and fragrant plant study or similar fields.

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For example in Israel 350 m3/ha water is used with 10 days intervals if the field is irrigated by sprinklers. The irrigation intervals are 5 days shorter if the field is irrigated by a drop system. Irrigation is especially important in the plant nurseries, immediatelly after the transplantating and during the plant emergence after direct sowing. In Egypt flood irrigation is abundant in the Nile valley lands. In India, at the onset of the rain season the rains meet the water requirements of the crop fully until September.

Basil wilt is caused by Fusarium oxysporum. This disease affects the plant at all stages of growth, particularly in the rain season. It appears initially by wilting of the leaves and the shoot tips on one or two branches, but is soon spread to the whole plant, which finally dies. , 1993). For prevention of fusarium infection the seedlings should be dipped in a solution of some effective fungicide, such as Tafasol or Agalol, before transplanting. In Russia, methyl bromide was used as an effective fumigant.

Edinburgh 35, 179–193. IPGRI (1994). Descriptors for Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute. Rome. M. (1992). Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their exploitation. In: Harley, KM. and Reynolds, T. eds. Advances in Labiate Science: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. UK 399–436. Lindley, J. (1842) Becium bicolor in Edward’s Bot. Reg. 28, 42–43. Linnaeus, C. (1753). Ocimum. In Species Plantarum, ed. 1. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. 597–598. , Gomes, J.

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