By Michael P. Fronda
Hannibal invaded Italy with the desire of elevating frequent rebellions between Rome's subordinate allies. but even after crushing the Roman military at Cannae, he used to be in basic terms partly profitable. Why did a few groups choose to aspect with Carthage and others to aspect with Rome? this can be the basic query posed during this publication, and attention is given to the actual political, diplomatic, army and fiscal components that encouraged person groups' judgements. realizing their motivations finds a lot, not only in regards to the struggle itself, but in addition approximately Rome's kin with Italy throughout the past centuries of competitive enlargement. The ebook sheds new mild on Roman imperialism in Italy, the character of Roman hegemony, and the transformation of Roman Italy within the interval top as much as the Social battle. it truly is proficient all through via modern political technological know-how idea and archaeological proof, and may be required studying for all historians of the Roman Republic.
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Extra resources for Between Rome and Carthage: Southern Italy during the Second Punic War
Until Rome finally defeated Pyrrhus and (re)asserted control over the bulk of the peninsula, Italy would be most accurately described as a multipolar system. We should not see Rome, then, as the only expansionist hegemonic state, but rather as one of a number of powerful states and coalitions competing to dominate the system. Also, Lemke (1996) has observed that within any international hierarchy there exist numerous regional or local hierarchies, each with its own unipolar, bipolar or multipolar arrangements.
For these episodes we may speculate on how authentic notices may have worked their way into Livy’s (and others’) narrative. Perhaps sources close to the events had gained some knowledge of Italian affairs (Cincius, for example, was active around Locri) and this material was transmitted indirectly to Livy or others. In most cases, however, we simply do not know what Livy’s sources were for Italian affairs, and thus we must judge on its own merits each of the relevant episodes that he narrates. 27 It would be impossible to list all of the excavations and surveys conducted in the last thirty or forty years, or to make reference to all of their associated publications.
Salmon 1982: 57–72, esp. 71–2, however, downplays the cohesiveness of the ‘Roman Commonwealth’ of the third century. 49 The following brief summary of the organisation of the subordinate Italian states is based on Staveley 1989: 420–36.