Biochemical and Cellular Mechanisms of Stress Tolerance in by Lutz Nover (auth.), Joe H. Cherry (eds.)

By Lutz Nover (auth.), Joe H. Cherry (eds.)

Environmental stresses, corresponding to low and high temperature, salinity, and drought, characterize proscribing components to agricultural productiveness around the globe. Their impression isn't just on plants which are shortly being cultivated, yet also they are major limitations to the advent of crop crops into noncultivated parts. The publication describes the mobile, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms in vegetation that control tolerance to stresses. additionally mentioned are clients of engineering stress-tolerant crops throughout the amendment of germplasm.

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Phenylalanine-ammonia lyasec + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + JA; seedling development Oxygen stress; senescence; JA; ABA JA Elicitors; salicylate; paraquat; oxygen stress Flower formation; protoplast culture; ABA;Eth ABA; developing seeds ABA; JA; Eth; salicylate; sucrose; starvation; fruit ripening; poly-L-Lys; systemin Flowering; SA; ethylene; induction inhibited by lAA or cytokinin Ageing; flowering; 2,4-D; Eth or increased Eth levels by polyacrylic acid, salicylate or 2-chloroethylphophonic acid Starvation ABA;2,4-D ABA ABA; JA; Eth; boron deficiency; high nitrate nutrition; GSH; flowering JA; GSH; vanadate, N N 23 Footnotes to Table 6: a Pathogen induction includes fungi, bacteria and/or viruses as well as pathogen-derived elicitors.

Peroxidase, superoxide dismutase 10. Osmotin, thaumatin 9. Aldose reductase + + + + + + + + + + + + + 6. Chitinase, glucanase (PRP-types 2,3) 7. Pathogenesis-related proteins (PRP-types 1,4,5) 8. Ubiquitin + + 5. Proteinase inhibitors 4. Stress protein 26-Ad + + B. Stress proteins 1. Hydroxyproline-rich and glycine-rich cell wall proteins 2. Phenylalanine-ammonia lyasec + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + JA; seedling development Oxygen stress; senescence; JA; ABA JA Elicitors; salicylate; paraquat; oxygen stress Flower formation; protoplast culture; ABA;Eth ABA; developing seeds ABA; JA; Eth; salicylate; sucrose; starvation; fruit ripening; poly-L-Lys; systemin Flowering; SA; ethylene; induction inhibited by lAA or cytokinin Ageing; flowering; 2,4-D; Eth or increased Eth levels by polyacrylic acid, salicylate or 2-chloroethylphophonic acid Starvation ABA;2,4-D ABA ABA; JA; Eth; boron deficiency; high nitrate nutrition; GSH; flowering JA; GSH; vanadate, N N 23 Footnotes to Table 6: a Pathogen induction includes fungi, bacteria and/or viruses as well as pathogen-derived elicitors.

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