Brothers Among Nations: The Pursuit of Intercultural by Cynthia J. Van Zandt

By Cynthia J. Van Zandt

In the course of the first 80 years of everlasting ecu colonization, webs of alliances formed North the United States from northern New England to the Outer Banks of North Carolina and entangled all peoples in a single shape or one other. In Brothers between countries, Cynthia Van Zandt argues that the pursuit of alliances was once a common multiethnic quest that formed the early colonial American international in essentially vital methods. those alliances may possibly produce fabulous effects, with Europeans occasionally subservient to extra robust local American international locations, while local international locations have been occasionally consumers and tributaries of ecu colonists. Spanning 9 eu colonies, together with English, Dutch, and Swedish colonies, in addition to many local American countries and a group of transplanted Africans, Brothers between countries enlists a large array of resources to light up the measure to which eu colonists have been often one of the such a lot weak humans in North the US and the centrality of local americans to the luck of the ecu colonial venture.

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54 Lodewijcksz’s account is very similar to the kind of survey Thomas Bavin was to have undertaken and that Thomas Harriot and John White did undertake in the 1580s in Roanoke. Seafarers who traveled widely were in a particularly good position to acquire valuable geographic and ethnographic knowledge. Some of the most influential navigation manuals presented observational skill as an essential component of the art of navigation. One of the best known manuals, Het Licht der Zeevaert [The Light of Navigation], was written and published by Willem Blaeu, who worked for several years as cartographer under the patronage of the Dutch West India Company, the sponsor of the Dutch North American colony of New Netherland.

As we shall see in later chapters, much of the contact between Native Americans and Europeans in North America was ultimately influenced more by Native Americans’ assumptions and expectations, but Europeans initially approached colonization in North America with their own increasingly well-developed ideas about the centrality of mapping and cultural observation. If we think first of mapping and navigation in their most literal forms, mapping, along with its sibling art, navigation, was a vitally important new tool in European expansion.

Crucially, two momentous developments in English history combined to make mapping, trade, and all things related to the importance and hazards of navigation very appealing to English people in the 1630s, 1640s, and 1650s. The first was the turmoil of the English civil war, which coincided with the second great development, the first sustained English push toward colonies. 27 And English writers saw mapping and navigation metaphors everywhere. Additionally, in the turbulent religious strife of seventeenth-century England, the looming destruction of one’s ship (or its preservation) seemed an especially meaningful figure of speech to many writers, as, for instance, in this piece from the 1640s: “The poore afflicted Church .

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