By Rory J Hillocks, J M Thresh, Anthony Bellotti
Cassava is a big tropical tuber crop came upon in the course of the tropics (India, Oceania, Africa and Latin America). Hitherto, there was no unmarried textual content overlaying all points of cassava biology, construction and usage. This ebook fills that hole, representing the 1st accomplished learn point assessment of this major staple crop. Chapters are written via major specialists during this box from all continents. The ebook is appropriate for these operating and learning in cassava, in either built and constructing international locations, in addition to complicated scholars.
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Extra resources for Cassava : biology, production and utilization
Pest and disease resistance, drought tolerance, adaptation to acid soils and nutrient-use efficiency, are some of the key traits that will increase yields and farmer income with moderate input use. At the same time, reasonable responsiveness to improved soil fertility allows farmers to take advantage of inputs when conditions permit. Exploration of novel traits for new production systems can have substantial long-term payoff. Changes in plant and root architecture to meet the demands of mechanization, to improve nutrient-use efficiency, or to increase plant density need to be introduced into plant breeding schemes 15–20 years before on-farm demand is anticipated.
33 Crop management Because New World farmers have cultivated cassava for thousands of years, they have been able to optimize resources to a remarkable degree within traditional cultivation systems. Cassava is often known as a crop that will yield reasonably even when given suboptimum care. Other more sensitive crops may fail completely unless more attention is given to management. In this context it makes sense for farmers to give a lower priority to cassava in multiple-crop systems. It also means that new management practices will have to be relatively simple and inexpensive to be successful.
Five years ago, the Agricultural Cooperative of Cotia (CAC) was the only big enterprise selling a frozen cassava product similar to potato chips. Today, there are several frozen cassava and cassava-based products in the market, produced and distributed by different-sized enterprises. Latin American cassava-product exports While limited volumes of cassava starch are exported from Brazil, Latin America’s main 27 cassava export product remains fresh/frozen cassava roots for human consumption, targeted to ethnic population groups in the European Community (EC) and USA.