China's Ethnic Minorities and Globalisation by Colin Mackerras

By Colin Mackerras

China's fifty-five formally regarded ethnic minorities shape approximately eight% of the chinese language inhabitants, with over a hundred million humans, and occupy over 60% of China's territory. they're very assorted, and the measure of modernisation between them varies enormously. This ebook examines the present country of China's ethnic minorities at a time while ethnic affairs and globalisation are key forces affecting the modern global. It considers the fields of coverage, financial system, society and diplomacy, together with the impression of globalisation and out of doors impacts.

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However, the expressions of this ethnic identity vary significantly from place to place and from group to group. In very few does it lead to major problems for the state. The privileges extended to minorities under the autonomy policy have resulted in a push for recognition of additional groups by the state, though so far all such attempts have failed, and the number of acknowledged minorities has remained at fifty-five since 1979. A prominent example of a potential extra ethnic group is the Mosuo, who straddle the Yunnan-Sichuan border, most of them on the Yunnan side, and are currently categorised as a branch of the Naxi.

To effect more central control of the training of minority cadres, the government approved the establishment of a Central Nationalities Institute in November 1950. 72 million (Mackerras 1994: 157). Relations between government and minorities deteriorated in 1958, largely due to the more radical policies of the Great Leap Forward, including the establishment of people’s communes. ‘Local nationalism’, that is the wish to promote the nationalism of the local ethnic groups not that of China as a whole, came to the fore as a serious crime, replacing the policy of denouncing great Han chauvinism.

Following the rebellion, the Dalai Lama fled Lhasa on 17 March 1959, entering India 2 weeks later. His representatives immediately began interceding with Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru on his behalf. On 16 April the Dalai Lama issued a statement very condemnatory of China and met Nehru himself later the same month. Nehru was caught in a no-win situation. He was under serious pressure from most political forces in India to turn against China. He issued a statement in which he tried to show sympathy both for the Tibetans and the Chinese.

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