Cities Feeding People: An Examination of Urban Agriculture by Diana Lee-Smith, International Development Research Centre

By Diana Lee-Smith, International Development Research Centre (Canada), Axumite G. Egziabher, Daniel G. Maxwell

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Additional resources for Cities Feeding People: An Examination of Urban Agriculture in East Africa

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The objective of this paper is to evaluate the various claims made about urban agriculture (UA) in Kampala. This includes reviewing the limited literature on the importance of UA in Kampala; attempting to assess what direct evidence is available on the question of nutritional status; examining the means of access to the critical land resource for UA; and understanding the logic of different kinds of households involved in urban food production to interpret why different groups of people engage in it.

Areas surveyed coincide with some covered by the World Bank-funded First Urban Project in Kampala (Maxwell 1993a, p. 9). Differences between these non farming and farming groups have also been observed, although they were not statistically significant, on wasting -a shorter-term effect of malnutrition (Maxwell, this volume). Such results suggest that the poorer a household is, the more mothers may be inclined to engage in UA to prevent malnutrition. 1% in Gatina) of 250 children sampled were nutritionally stunted.

In 1987, SCF carried out a similar nutritional survey in Kawempe Division of Kampala, to determine whether their supplementary feeding program for war-displaced children should be continued. This study also concluded that supplementary feeding programs were not needed, and that urban food production was a contributing factor (Riley 1987), but again, farming and nonfarming groups were not directly compared, even though the data collected would permit such a comparison. Two other studies (Kakitahi and Zimbe 1990; Biryabarema 1994) have obtained baseline data on malnutrition on children in Kampala and have included, as background information, questions about whether food is produced by the family of the children being assessed.

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