Coffee wilt disease by Julie Flood

By Julie Flood

Espresso wilt ailment has rate African espresso farmers an envisioned $1 billion up to now, because of lowered yields and the additional expenses incurred in attempting to deal with the sickness. This devastating fungal sickness has destroyed hundreds of thousands of espresso bushes in affected international locations throughout Africa and should be a contributory consider any try out at revitalization of the African espresso area sooner or later.

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Xylarioides became most dominant from specimens received from this area (Hakiza, 1998, unpublished report). More reports and samples were received in 1994 from Kanungu district (formerly part of Rukungiri) in western Uganda, and the CWD pathogen was consistently recovered from samples of roots, stems and branches/primaries. Specimens from the Bundibugyo district, received about the same time, also clearly revealed the presence of the pathogen. Coffee Wilt Disease in Uganda 35 The worsening situation prompted UCDA in 1996 to organize and fund a joint survey conducted by a multidisciplinary team from the Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF), Coffee Research Centre (COREC) and UCDA to establish the distribution/extent and damage caused by the disease in ten major coffee-growing districts of Uganda.

If the suspect tree does not have these characteristic blue–black staining below the bark, then the wounds need to be disinfected and the knife used treated with a chemical or heat treated. If the suspect tree is infected with CWD, then the plant needs to be clearly marked to identify its location. A spray of 10% carbolineum preparation in water solution (about 2 l of solution) should be applied to the aerial parts of the infected coffee bush. The infected plants should then be dug out (including the root system).

1998) Caractéristique et évolution spatio-temporelle de la trachéomycose fusarienne du caféier robusta en République Démocratique du Congo (RDC). Révue Congolaise des Sciences Nucléaires 14, 132–140. J. T. Kyetere,1 P. Musoli,1 P. Wetala,1 J. Njuki,2 P. Kucel,1 P. Aluka,1 A. Kangire1 and J. 1. Introduction Uganda’s economy depends largely on agriculture with coffee as the main foreign exchange earner. , 2006). This decline is not an indication of loss of significance of agriculture in Uganda’s economy, but rather, it is due to the development of other sectors.

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