By Fred K. Drogula
During this paintings, Fred Drogula experiences the improvement of Roman provincial command utilizing the phrases and ideas of the Romans themselves as reference issues. starting within the earliest years of the republic, Drogula argues, provincial command used to be no longer a uniform notion fastened in confident legislations yet particularly a dynamic set of principles formed via conventional perform. consequently, because the Roman country grew, thoughts of authority, keep watch over over territory, and armed forces strength underwent continuous transformation. this pliability was once an important source for the Romans because it enabled them to answer new army demanding situations in potent methods. however it was once additionally a resource of clash over the jobs and definitions of energy. the increase of renowned politics within the overdue republic enabled males like Pompey and Caesar to take advantage of their substantial effect to control the versatile traditions of army command for his or her personal virtue. Later, Augustus used nominal provincial instructions to soothe the senate at the same time he targeted army and governing strength less than his personal keep an eye on by means of claiming splendid rule. In doing so, he laid the basis for the early empire's ideas of command.
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Extra info for Commanders and Command in the Roman Republic and Early Empire
4, Dion. Hal. 5655. 3593, 3614/5. 70. On the Latin League, see Alföldi (1965) esp. 71 Rome was not a formal member of the league,72 but the Latins were required to serve in Rome’s wars under a Roman commander, which means the Romans either had supreme commanders on hand or had a system for appointing a special supreme commander when needed. That the latter was the case is suggested by a passage of L. Cincius (pr. 209 BC) that is preserved by Festus and gives some idea of how the Romans selected a general to assume command over the Latins: Praetor ad portam nunc salutatur is qui in provinciam pro praetore aut [pro]consule exit: cuius rei morem ait fuisse Cincius in libro de consulum potestate talem: “Albanos rerum potitos usque ad Tullum regem: Alba deinde diruta usque ad P.
32 Concepts and Traditions of Military Leadership in Early Rome tocrats, a formal system of religious and civilian officials probably developed more quickly, but the countryside—at least for a time—probably existed in a quasi-feudal state, granting powerful aristocratic landholders free rein to use military force when and as they wished, in accordance with their resources, needs, and abilities. Institutionalization of Military Command As the political structures of the republican government grew following the expulsion of its monarchy, the Roman citizenry as a whole (or the Roman state) was eventually able to acquire a monopoly on the appointment of military commanders.
Publilius Philo (cos. 327 BC) as Rome’s first proconsul. 82. When consuls entered office in early Rome is highly problematic—no doubt because consuls did not exist in early Rome, and later annalists were confronted with significant variation in their sources recording consuls entering office in six different months in the fifth and fourth centuries BC. 1). This was normal practice until 153 BC, when the Romans moved the start of their calendar year to January 1 and consuls began entering office on that day (Livy Per.