Contested Governance in Japan Sites and Issues (Sheffield by Glenn D Hook

By Glenn D Hook

Contested Governance in Japan extends the research of governance in modern Japan via exploring either the websites and problems with governance above and under the nation in addition to inside of it. This quantity discusses the contested nature of governance in Japan and the ways that various actors are enthusiastic about assorted websites and problems with governance at domestic, within the area and the globe. It comprises chapters on international governance, neighborhood policy-making, democracy, environmental governance, the japanese economy, corruption, the family members and company governance.

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The Democratic Party emerged as the number two party, with many commentators viewing this as the sign for the future emergence of a two-party system in Japan. From the perspective of governance, a choice between the norms of efficiency and equity as the basis for a two-party system seems to be emerging, with the Koizumi administration seen as the champion of efficiency and the Democratic Party as the champion of equity. Although a gender analysis illustrates a more nuanced view of governance than a clear dichotomy between these two positions, as discussed in Chapter 6, the Koizumi reformist agenda is nevertheless viewed by critics as an attempt to change the relationship between the state and the market in favour of the market, whereas the Democratic Party, whilst supportive of the market, seems to place greater emphasis on equitable redistribution: equality of results over equality of opportunity.

55–72. Part 1 Sites of governance 1 Global governance, the G7/8 summit and Japan Hugo Dobson This chapter comprises three sections that proceed from the general to the specific. With reference to the extant literature, the first section establishes a definition of global governance. With this definition in mind, the second section explores the changing nature of the G7/8 summit process – from an ad hoc and informal ‘fireside chat’ of international solons into an incremental, institutionalized, year-long process of negotiations that serves as one of the many mechanisms of global governance.

The end result is a system of governance which leads to foreigners over-staying their visas and becoming ‘illegal’ immigrants. What happens to the human rights of these illegal as well as legal ‘old’ and ‘new’ foreigners is a particular point of concern to a range of NGOs in Japan. The position of legal foreign residents has certainly improved as a result of the Japanese government joining a number of international human rights regimes, as with the decision to allow foreigners to live in public housing following the 1978 signing of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, but Japan has still not signed the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.

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