Contested Monarchy: Integrating the Roman Empire in the by Johannes Wienand

By Johannes Wienand

Contested Monarchy reappraises the wide-ranging and lasting transformation of the Roman monarchy among the Principate and past due Antiquity. The e-book takes as its concentration the century from Diocletian to Theodosius I (284-395), a interval in which the steadiness of monarchical rule depended seriously at the emperors mobility, on collegial or dynastic rule, and at the army answer of inner political crises. even as, profound spiritual adjustments transformed the premises of political interplay and symbolic conversation among the emperor and his topics, and administrative and armed forces readjustments replaced the institutional foundations of the Roman monarchy. This quantity concentrates at the measures taken through emperors of this era to deal with the altering framework in their rule. the gathering examines monarchy alongside 3 specific but intertwined fields: Administering the Empire, acting the Monarchy, and Balancing non secular swap. each one box possesses its personal historiography and method, and therefore has frequently been taken care of individually. This volumes multifaceted procedure builds on fresh scholarship and tendencies to check imperial rule in a extra built-in model. With new paintings from quite a lot of overseas students, Contested Monarchy bargains a clean survey of the function of the Roman monarchy in a interval of important and enduring switch.

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5 Vera 1995; Wickham 2005; Banaji 2007. In an earlier paper, I explored the bonds of economic dependence that tied the trans-regional landowners in the Late Roman senate to the institutions of the Roman state: Weisweiler 2011. 6 In seeking to define the self-understandings of the Later Roman senate in greater detail, this chapter draws on a wide range of excellent studies of aristocratic culture in the later Roman empire. I particularly admire Matthews 1990; Salzman 2002; Brown 2012. What is distinctive about the approach outlined here is that I seek to expose the surprising extent to which the self-understandings of Late Roman senators were reshaped by the late-antique changes in imperial ideology.

A remarkably extensive body of legal texts survives from this period, the communicative function of which was to encourage loyalty and allegiance among the subjects toward the new regime. Starting from a close analysis of this corpus of texts, Schmidt-Hofner offers general observations on the communicative function of late Roman legislation and arrives at the conclusion that a majority of what we typically consider everyday late-antique legislation served primarily to convey and represent the authority of the emperors and their concern for the population of the vast empire.

26 The next tiers in the new pyramid of honors were occupied by a variety of medium-ranking officials, such as the proconsuls (the highest-ranking governors) and the vicarii (subordinates of the praetorian prefects). 27 These changes in the order of precedence involved more than merely questions of protocol. 28 In this sense, the dominant role played by monarchical offices in establishing the pecking order of 24 The profits derived by leading nobiles from the Constantinian reforms are explored by Novak 1979; Löhken 1982, 112–134; Marcone 1993; Lizzi Testa 2009d, 120–123.

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